Published: Sat, March 17, 2018
Markets | By Josh Butler

FDA issues proposed rule to lower nicotine in cigarettes

FDA issues proposed rule to lower nicotine in cigarettes

This alone could dramatically cut the current smoking rate in the United States from 15% to as low as 1.4%, the FDA said, preventing eight million tobacco-related deaths by the time this century closes.

The FDA is opening a 90-day public comment period on the proposed rule-making, and officials said they would evaluate the input and determine what steps to take next. While some of those products might bear similarities to e-cigarettes, the FDA has not granted any company permission to market its product as "reduced-risk" compared to cigarettes.

Perhaps for that reason, the FDA's notice claims to round up the most recent relevant research, and also calls for public and expert comment on that information to help inform whatever rule it will ultimately implement.

Major tobacco players such as Altria Group and British American Tobacco are grappling with sales declines in the US market and hoping to recoup revenue through novel tobacco and nicotine products such as e-cigarettes.

He also said product standards are needed to reduce the levels of toxins in e-cigarette fluid. The researchers found that the odds of denying any tobacco product use were increased among those without versus those with symptoms of nicotine dependence (adjusted odds ratio, 2.16) and for those who access their tobacco products via social sources versus those who bought them (adjusted odds ratio, 3.81).

Their subsequent analysis, published in 2013 in Tobacco Control, said that even tobacco companies' own research laid bare the industries dependence on its consumers' dependence on nicotine.

Despite widespread efforts by U.S. regulators and the World Health Organization to stem the sale of cigarettes and their devastating public health consequences, smoking kills 480,000 Americans every year. This excerpt sums up nicely the current debate about flavored ENDS products: how does the Agency limit appeal to youth while preserving adult choice and helping adults transition away from combustible products, which FDA suggests could be more harmful than ENDS products?

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Herrera added: "Yes, City is in a very good place and only a miracle will give us a chance - but you don't stop". And we'll try exactly that. "Why should Liverpool not be on top in 2018?" the winger added.

Matthew Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, an anti-smoking group, said the action will have "enormous significance" - if the agency moves quickly through the process of developing and adopting a final rule.

Nearly 40 million adults smoke cigarettes, and about 4.7 million middle and high school students use at least one tobacco product, including e-cigarettes. The new plan is expected to lower the nicotine amount in cigarettes to "minimally or non-addictive levels".

FDA figures show tobacco use kills more than 480,000 Americans a year, costing some $300 billion in direct health care costs and lost productivity.

Some studies, including one by the Royal College of Physicians, have claimed e-cigs and vaporizers are up to 95 percent less harmful than traditional cigarettes.

"Such a policy could only have viability if there were viable non-combustion alternatives for smokers, something the FDA has been impeding rather than facilitating to date", said David Sweanor, an adjunct law professor at the University of Ottawa and the author of several electronic-cigarette studies.

However, reducing the amount of nicotine in cigarettes is legally and scientifically possible. Wouldn't less nicotine per cigarette...just make people smoke more cigarettes?

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