Published: Thu, February 22, 2018
Medical | By Jackie Banks

Is a low-carb or low-fat diet more effective?

Is a low-carb or low-fat diet more effective?

For decades, two diets have ruled the roost when it comes to weight loss.

"That was more powerful than differentiating between low-carb or low-fat: just getting them to be a lot more mindful about what they were eating", Gardner says.

"Whichever diet you prefer could work", Dr. Gardner, PhD, indicating this was one key finding from the studypublished in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Gardener claimed his team proposed an idea for this current study dependent on the previous outcomes of another piece of research. In fact it's not the diet that you should be mindful of, but your body.

"We've all heard stories of a friend who went on one diet - it worked great - and then another friend tried the same diet, and it didn't work at all", he said. "It's because we're all very different, and we're just starting to understand the reasons for this diversity". "In the context of these two common weight-loss diet approaches, neither of the two hypothesized predisposing factors was helpful in identifying which diet was better for whom".

In a 600-person, year-long study, the two eating styles helped dieters drop nearly exactly the same number of pounds - and there didn't seem to be much rhyme or reason as to who succeeded on which plan, explains study author Christopher Gardner, director of nutrition studies at the Stanford Prevention Research Center. The new study sought to discover if these factors would encourage an individual's body to favour a low-carbohydrate diet or a low-fat diet.

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Participants were randomly assigned to the 12-month healthy low-fat diet (n = 305) or healthy low-carbohydrate diet (n = 304); both diets were delivered by health educators during 22 diet-specific small group sessions that focused on methods for achieving the lowest fat or carbohydrate intake.

After that they added back five to 15 grams of fat or carbs gradually, aiming to reach a balance they believed they could maintain for the rest of their lives. (5.2 kg) and those on the low-carb diet shed about 13 lbs. Before the study started, the average fat consumption for the participants was around 87 grams a day, and average carbohydrate intake was about 247 grams.

The study participants were not told to count calories or anything, but had to limit either their fat or carbohydrate intake.

It sure seems like the main point of the study was to compare low-fat vs. low-carb diets, and to test the insulin secretion theory underlying low-carb diets.

No significant interaction was observed between diet-genotype pattern or diet-insulin section with 12-month weight loss. Similarly, a few women whose DNA did not "match" went through a divorce or other upheaval, ate for emotional comfort, gained weight, and made the mismatched group look terrible-a reminder that so many emotional, economic, metabolic, social, and other forces affect someone's chance of losing weight that the effect of genes gets lost in the noise.

Prof Lennert Veerman from the Griffith University's School of Medicine in Queensland informed that the research has found that there is no base for the thought, which says that a healthy diet is associated to the person's genetic make-up. This well-conducted study suggests that both can work well, so long as people stick to them, eat less overall, and eat a healthy diet with plenty of vegetables and little sugar or refined grain.

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